de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. Wetland Status. Ang mga gi basihan niini. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. 1802-1815),, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30. Depending on the species, there are two to fifteen large showy flowers, which are more or less zygomophic and hermaphrodite. [85], In vitro fulgida (Ker Gawl.) Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. Les liliacées. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. William Herbert in Curtis's Botanical Magazine[44] which he expanded in 1821 in The Botanical Register, identifying 14 species of the new genus of Hippeastrum, and only leaving three species in Amaryllis. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. Blooming takes place about two months after planting. Hippeastrum … The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. No common name has yet been provided in this category. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). [42] It is to this work that he refers in his Species Plantarum. (Asteraceae- Compositae) Blanket Flower. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Amaryllis striata var. Database with pictures, just click this link ! Even when plants are thriving outdoors in temperate climates, dormancy can be induced by withholding watering and fertilising in the northern hemisphere autumn, and bringing indoors to a cool environment prior to the first frost. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). [77], Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire. fil.) [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. albertii (Lem.) Common name Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. These two examples are not however typical of the genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy. Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. Bot. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. Seeds do not breed true. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and … The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. [78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). Syst. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. [99], A stylized flower of a Hippeastrum cultivar (under its common name of amaryllis) is used internationally as a symbol for organizations associated with Huntington's disease, a genetic degenerative disease of the nervous system. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. [52], The Reginae strain hybrids were produced by Jan de Graaff and his two sons in the Netherlands in the mid 19th century by crossing Hippeastrum vitatum and Hippeastrum striatum with Hippeastrum psittacinum and some of the better hybrids available in Europe at the time. Gaillardia spp. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. Overview. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. Debate about the true name of this plant, grown from a large sized bulb, has raged for centuries (literally) and the eventual winner was Hippeastrum. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. [58] For reference, these are:[35][59][60][61], As of November 2013[update], the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 91 species:[1]. Reproduction is generally by allogamy (cross-pollination) and Hippeastrum may be propagated by seed or offset bulbils (bulblets), although commercial ventures use in vitro techniques, or splitting of the bulb into sections. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. Avoid direct sunlight to prevent scorching its leaves. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Redouté. These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. Herb. Mexican lily. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. Reginae Reticulatum var. This debate involved botanists on both sides of the Atlantic and the final outcome was a decision by the 14th International Botanical Congress in 1987 that Amaryllis L. should be a nomen conservandum (conserved name, i.e., correct regardless of priority) and ultimately based on a specimen of the South African Amaryllis belladonna from the Clifford Herbarium. Hippeastrum species are concentrated in two centres of diversity, the main one in Eastern Brazil and the other in the central southern Andes of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina, on the eastern slopes and nearby foothills. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. Striatfolium. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. [84] The cuttings that are derived from these are grown in moist vermiculite in the dark till bulbils appear. Missouri Bot. You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. H.E. Mga kasarigan. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. [b][41] Linnaeus had earlier worked on the Estate of George Clifford near Haarlem between 1735 and 1737 describing the plants growing there in his Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. Legal Status. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. The name St. Joseph's Lily seems the most popular name although St. Joseph's day is March 19th, nearly 1 month before this plant blooms for us. [67][68] Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. is now a nomen conservandum (conserved name), i.e., the correct name regardless of the fact that it does not have priority over Leopoldia. Amaryllis is the common name for these plants, however, it is also the genus for another type of bulb from the same family (Amaryllidaceae) native to South Africa. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. The fruit forms a trivalve capsule containing seeds which are dry, flattened, obliquely winged or irregularly discoid, hardly ever turgid, and globose (spherical) or subglobose, with a brown or black phytomelanous testa.[28]. [70], Bulbils Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. This was accepted and Hippeastrum Herb. More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us."[32]. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. Amaryllis equestris (Linn. Taxonomy. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. Bulbs need light watering until the leaves and buds emerge, and need to be situated in a well-lit, cool place and watered as needed to maintain moderate soil moisture. [100][101][102] The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. Amaryllis heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae L. Amaryllis reginae var. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. The history is complex, so just below this stunning photo is a … Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. [97][98] Hippeastrum puniceum may also have therapeutic properties as it has been used in folk medicine to treat swellings and wounds. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 (syn. Common Names for Amaryllis. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. (Rosaceae) Autumn Joy Sedum : ... Strelitzia reginae (Streliziaceae) Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbekia spp. The genus has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers. [70], Twin scales [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). Brief Seeds Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished)[40] but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. [31] Which species this was is not known precisely. Hippeastrum regium Herb. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub)[69] as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa.
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