Riparian forest buffers are the strips of trees and shrubs along waterways that help protect stream health by filtering runoff and stabilizing soil. 2. Provide bio-diversity of plant life. Although this manual was written specifically for Tidewater Virginia localities, it may also serve as a resource for other communities interested in riparian buffer protection and management. A canopy created by riparian forest provides shade and controls water temperature, which is essential for instream organisms, including trout and the invertebrate food source on which they depend. 6. Riparian forest soils act as areas of water storage. While they represent many diverse species, they all tend to have very well developed root systems and a tolerance (or in some cases, a preference) for damp to very wet soil. Ways to use this Handbook: • As a road map providing the framework, practical tips and resources needed for planning a successful urban riparian planting event. 1. • A regionalized riparian buffer plant list. 4. Native plants are adapted or best suited to the area. 5. Riparian Buffer Zones: Common Plants. Riparian buffers are planted along water bodies to prevent pollutants from agricultural runoff to enter the water as well as to enhance wildlife habitat and to create potential income for the landowner from conservation easements and income from harvesting the wood and various plants in the buffer. A riparian landowner is a landowner that owns property adjacent to a lake or stream. Benefit a large number of wildlife species. riparian buffer management strategies, thereby protecting and, in some cases, helping to improve the water quality of the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Riparian Plants A short list of plants for your multifunctional riparian forest buffer. Plants take up water into their tissues and release it into the atmosphere. Why Landscape with Native Plants in the Riparian Buffer Area? Pinelands Nursery’s Riparian Buffer Mix is a diverse mix of native forbs and grasses that can aid in the stabilization of stream banks and decrease erosion. There are many trees, shrubs, grasses, vines and other plants that thrive in riparian buffers. The following are lists of riparian trees and shrubs by Major Land Resource Areas (MLRAs) and contain relatively common species available from plant nurseries. Low maintenance, allowing more time to enjoy recreational activities. • The original source of plant materials should, if possible, come from the MLRA, ecoregion, or for conifers, the seed zone within which you are working. What are multifunctional riparian forest buffers? Native plants offer the greatest rate of survival 3. Riparian Buffer Mix It has been proven that waterways with a strip of protective vegetation alongside them have increased water quality and numerous ecological benefits. Benefits of Buffers A healthy riparian buffer will successfully filter out pollutants, stabilize the bank, shade the 2) Current research indicates that riparian buffers of various vegetation types are effective at reducing • As a tool to help you consider the specific social and ecological needs of your Native plant buffers (riparian buffers) should be at least 10 feet of dense native plants to grow along the water's edge and streambank to allow pollutants to filter out and the banks to stabilize. 1) Riparian buffers are vegetated zones adjacent to streams and wetlands that represent a best manage- ment practice (BMP) for controlling nitrogen entering water bodies. buffer is healthy; qualities such as bare ground, dead or dying plants, lack of species diversity, and the presence of upland plants are all indicators that the health of the buffer is suffering. Native Shoreland/Riparian Buffer Plantings for New Hampshire* * This list is referenced in Env-Wq 1400 Shoreland Protection as Appendix D Common Name(s) Latin Name Height Growth Rate Rooting Light Preference Soil Preference Habitat Associated Birds and Mammals (Cover, Nesting or Food) and Food Value Trees American Basswood